What if a cure existed for cancer, diabetes, heart disease, blindness, HIV/AIDS, and many other debilitating diseases and illnesses? Adapted into state law in the 2004, the California Stem Cell Research and Cures Act directs $3 billion of state monies toward stem cell research to make such cures a reality. Also, the investment into biotech is predicted to create up to 22,000 jobs on average a year. To facilitate active and informed participation, this brief raises important policy issues related to stem cell research such as: What stake do diverse communities have in California’s stem cell research program? What is the medical potential of stem cells? What policy examples can communities set to guarantee fairness in the future?