Women of color are severely underrepresented among U.S. physicians and face serious barriers to entering medicine and succeeding in the field. The Greenlining Institute and the Artemis Medical Society conducted in-depth interviews with 20 women physicians from California and around the U.S. to better understand the challenges women of color face in trying to enter the medical field. These physicians described a lack of support from high school and college counselors and medical school faculty, as well as instances of discrimination and unequal treatment. The shortage of women of color among U.S. physicians means that millions of Americans of color lack access to culturally competent care from a provider with whom they feel comfortable.